Have other cities encountered this? What did they do?

Dozens of cities, school districts and other local agencies in California have faced similar challenges in recent years.

Other cities have voluntarily or been forced to adopt changes to their method of electing City Council members. While some cities have settled claims out of court by agreeing to shift to district elections, others have defended at-large elections through the court system and have incurred significant legal costs because the CVRA gives plaintiffs the right to recover attorney fees.

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1. Why is the City considering changing the election process?
2. What are the Federal and California Voting Rights Acts?
3. Have other cities encountered this? What did they do?
4. Why haven’t cities prevailed in challenging these allegations?
5. What are by-district elections?
6. What are the pros and cons of by-district elections?
7. What is the City’s current City Council election process?
8. What criteria are used to create City Council electoral districts?
9. What are communities of interest?
10. What is the timeline for the change?
11. If districts are created, who decides the district boundaries?
12. How can I participate?