The ordinance will help protect the health and safety of the residents, wildlife, and habitat in Menlo Park, while reducing the amount of waste sent to the landfill. The ordinance includes the following:
Prohibits food vendors, including restaurants, delis, cafes, markets, fast-food establishments, vendors at fairs, and food trucks, from dispensing prepared food in polystyrene containers labeled as No. 6
Does not prohibit the use of polystyrene for pre-packaged foods (e.g., pre-packaged meats or eggs in markets)
Does not apply to non-food businesses that use polystyrene for packaging
Does not include lids, straws, or utensils
Polystyrene is a type of plastic that is used globally. It can be a hard plastic that can be shaped with detail, like plastic utensils and straws, or it can be expanded to make what we know as polystyrene foam hinged containers, cups, etc. Polystyrene (PS) is usually labeled with a number 6.
Although polystyrene is inexpensive, there is a greater cost to the environment because it:
Breaks up into smaller pieces that wildlife can mistake for food
Does not biodegrade and it is commonly found as litter in waterways, storm drains and open spaces
Is made out of petroleum, a nonrenewable resource
Is not recyclable when it is contaminated with food
Is very difficult to clean up and taxpayers pay for cleanup costs
Leaches harmful chemicals into our food and drink that may impact our health
Alternative food ware products
There are alternative food ware products that are affordable, made of renewable resources (e.g. plant fiber, oils, and starches), and that will biodegrade in existing municipal and industrial composting facilities.
Plant fiber food ware
Plant fiber food ware includes products made out of paper or cardboard, such as paper cups / plates and pizza boxes. These products can be used for hot or cold foods and drinks and do not need any certification.
Fully recyclable products
These include plastics 1, 2, 4, and 5, as well as aluminum containers.
These are made out of materials that break down into the environment naturally. Biodegradable plastics (bioplastics) are products made out of vegetable oils, fats, or starches, and are usually used for cold foods and drinks. Bioplastic cutlery is resistant to heat. In order to be composted in industrial or municipal facilities, bioplastics must be either Biodegradable Products Institute (BPI) certified, or meet the requirements for the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) test D6400.
ASTM D6400 tests plastics and products made from vegetable oils, fats, or starch, and assures that they can be rapidly and safely composted in professionally-managed municipal and industrial composting facilities.
Biodegradable Products Institute (BPI) is a non-profit organization that certifies products that biodegrade in a relatively short period of time. For more information about companies that offer BPI-certified products, please visit the BPI website. Menlo Park's composting program only accepts BPI-certified bioplastics because they can break down within 90 days at our facility. The "compostable" label to the right is designed for consumers, haulers, and composters to distinguish compostable bioplastics from non-biodegradable plastics. Look for this logo to make sure the products are BPI-certified.